The Carpet Buying Dictionary
Do you know the basics?
To clarify, carpet buying isn’t exactly calculus. However, there are still important things to consider before making a purchase. We’re not quite ready to dive into a complete A-Z carpet guide. First, we need to learn the basics. Let’s start by learning the terminology:
Fiber: Fiber is the material that the carpet itself is made of. Individual fibers are spun together to create Two-, Three-, or four-ply yarn, which is then attached to a woven backing.
Pile: Pile, also known as “face” or “nap,” is the height of the fiber.
Density: Density is the measure of how closely the strands of fiber are packed to one another. The density determines how durable the carpet is.
Face Weight: The face weight is the ounces of fiber per square yard on the surface of the carpet. (a high face weight is an indication of high quality.)
Total Weight: Total weight is the ounces of fiber per square yard on the surface of the carpet, the backing, and the latex.
Texture: Texture is the style of how the fibers are looped, twisted, or cut. Basically, it determines the look, feel, and durability of the carpet.
Twist: Twist is how many times the fiber is turned in a 1-inch length. A carpet that is good at resisting traffic and crushing usually has a high twist count.
PAR Rating: PAR is an acronym for performance, appearance, and retention. The higher PAR rating indicates how well a carpet will retain its appearance over time.
Loop Pile: Loop pile is one of the two main types of carpet styles. Loop pile means that the fibers are looped and fastened to the backing. This makes the carpet very durable and stain-resistant. It is a good choice for high traffic areas, but also has a low profile and limited cushioning.
Cut Pile: The other main carpet style. The fibers in a cut pile carpet are cut evenly at the tip of the fiber, so there are no loops. It tends to be denser and more comfortable to walk on than a loop pile carpet but isn’t as durable.
Now that the basic terminology has been covered let’s move onto comparing the different styles in detail.